Treating Neurological Disorders Through Psychotherapy
Psychotherapy is a method for treating mental illness by taking counseling from a psychotherapist. Although all the cases are not treated through psychotherapy and other methods of treatment such as medications or surgeries are generally recommended in various neurological disorders, psychotherapy can also be used as an adjuvant therapy along with the main treatment in these cases. For getting the best benefit from psychotherapy treatment, the patient should consult the best neurosurgeon in Rohtak.
What Is Psychotherapy?
Psychotherapy is a type of talk therapy and is recommended for people who have mental illness and are emotionally challenged. Psychotherapy infuses the controlling power in the patient and they learn to control their emotions in a bothersome environment.
Psychotherapy allows the patients to manage their emotions, feelings, moods, behaviors, and thoughts. Various names are given to this therapy such as psychosocial therapy, counseling or talk therapy.
The therapy is done in different sessions and may either on a group basis or individual basis. Many neurologists use the combination of medications and psychotherapy to obtain the best results for their patients.
In Which Conditions Psychotherapy Is Required?
There are various types of psychotherapy and the type is recommended based on the condition of the patient. Different conditions require different psychotherapy approaches. Psychotherapy is not only helpful in case of mental illness, rather it is equally useful in the management of day-to-day stresses and conflicts.
Following are some of the conditions requiring psychotherapy:
- Schizophrenia: It is a psychotic disorder in which the person is not linked with reality. Psychotherapy could be a valuable option in such circumstances.
- Eating disorders: Eating disorders such as bulimia, binge eating or anorexia also requires the services of a psychotherapist.
- Mood disorders: Through psychotherapy, the person should be able to manage mood alterations as seen in bipolar disorder and depression.
- Addictions: The person can also be de-addicted through psychotherapy. Additions may include alcoholism, smoking, compulsive gambling and drug dependence.
- Anxiety disorders: Psychotherapy, along with the drugs and other treatment options, plays a vital role in managing anxiety disorders such as panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, phobias, and post-traumatic stress disorder.
- Personality disorders: Psychotherapy is also effective in patients suffering from a dependent personality disorder or borderline personality disorder.
- Trauma: Psychotherapy is usually used in life-changing situations or trauma such as the death of loved ones, significant business loss, and divorce.
- Medical illness: Medical illness may lead to mental illness. The patient is under depression and holds a negative attitude towards life. Psychotherapy helps the patients in getting him out of depression.
What Are The Various Psychotherapies For Treating Neurological Disorders?
Although various types of psychotherapy exist but following are some of the most effective psychotherapy:
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy: It is one of the best approaches to managing neurological disorders. Various studies indicate the efficacy of CBT in treating neurological disorders. This therapy can change the nervous system dysfunctions. CBT modifies the neural circuits that are involved in regulating fear extinctions and negative emotions. This therapy also plays a major role in children in the management of functional neurological symptoms including seizures.Â
- Interpersonal psychotherapy: This therapy is generally used to treat mood disorders. This approach is evidenced-based and time-limited. Through interpersonal psychotherapy, the therapist aims to reduce the distress in the person which is caused due to social functioning and interpersonal relationships. It is used to manage social isolation, grief such as the death of loved ones, life-changing situations such as divorce and interpersonal conflicts such as in between partners, parents or couples.
- Acceptance and commitment therapy: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy is generally used in Functional Movement disorders. The patient suffering from this disorder have motor symptoms such as dystonia and tremor. Some may also experience limb weakness. Studies indicate that apart from the use of this therapy in pain management, this therapy may also be used to manage mental disorders and chronic diseases including those affecting the nervous system.
- Dialectical behavior therapy: This is an evidence-based therapy and is used in the management of borderline personality disorder. Studies indicate its use in targeting amygdala hyperactivity for emotional regulation. The efficacy of this therapy may also extend to reduce the number of suicidal attempts by adults.
- Supportive psychotherapy: Supportive therapy is highly effective in cases of severe personality disorders. This therapy is used to revive the self-esteem, adaptive skills, and ego functions. It also infuses the ability to cope with low socio-economic status, low level of education and other depressing circumstances related to life.
- Psychodynamic and psychoanalysis therapies: These therapies are used in the management of depression and to treat the patients who have lost the meaning in their life. These therapies are also used to manage social anxiety disorder, eating disorder and addictions.