A tumor is a lump of tissue that forms due to a collection of aberrant cells. Unlike normal body cells, Tumor cells continue to develop even when they are not needed. A brain tumor is a benign or cancerous growth or mass in the brain. It happens when brain cells proliferate and develop out of control. The cause of the abrupt proliferation of brain cells that turn into malignant or benign tumors is unknown.
What signs and symptoms do you have if you have a brain tumor which can lead to brain tumor surgery?
A brain tumor can cause the following symptoms:
- Severe headaches that are likely to develop worse
- Seizures, such as motor seizures, in which a person’s muscles move involuntarily.
- Changes in personality or memory
- Vomiting or nausea
- Sleep disturbancesÂ
- Problems with memoryÂ
- Difficulties walking and performing daily tasks
Symptoms that are particular to the tumorâ€™s location include:
- A headache or pressure near the tumor
- Alterations in mental acuity and thinking abilities. A tumor in the frontal lobe of the cerebrum is linked to sluggishness, muscle weakness, or paralysis.
- A tumor in the temporal lobe or occipital lobe of the cerebrum causes partial or full vision loss.
- Modifications to hearing, speech, memory, or emotional states
- Difficulties understanding or recalling wordsÂ
- Changes in touch or pressure perception, arm or leg weakness on one side of the body o Inability to look upward
- A brain stem tumor might cause difficulty swallowing, facial paralysis or numbness, or double vision.
Brain tumor Treatment Option
A popular brain tumor treatment is surgery, which involves removing the tumor from the brain. This Brain Tumour Surgery in Gurgaon will be performed by a neurosurgeon who will open the skull. The procedure to remove a brain tumor is known as a craniotomy. In this procedure, the physician tries to remove the entire tumor. The neurosurgeon will remove as many tumors as feasible if the brain tumor cannot be removed completely without causing damage to essential brain regions. By lowering the size of the tumor and relieving pressure on the brain, this partial excision of the tumor will assist in alleviating some symptoms. In addition, the patient receives chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
It is not always possible to eliminate all tumors. In that instance, a biopsy is performed by the doctor in the brain tumor hospital in Gurgaon. A small tumor chunk is taken from the brain and submitted to a pathologist for analysis under a microscope during this surgery. This will reveal which cell types are present in a tissue.
Radiation Therapy is a type of treatmentÂ
Radiation therapy, often known as radiotherapy, is a type of brain tumor treatment that uses high-powered radiation to harm cancer cells and even stop them from growing. It’s utilized to kill tissues that can’t be removed surgically.Â
Radiation therapy can be delivered in two ways: through a machine or radioactive material. The external radiations emitted by a massive machine take a week or more to cure. The length of treatment will be determined by the size of the tumor, its location, and the patient’s age.
Chemotherapy in Gurgaon:
Chemotherapy is a method of killing cancer cells by administering chemicals. A single medicine or a drug combination is administered orally or injected into the blood vessels or muscles by the doctor. The medications are delivered into the cerebrospinal fluid in intrathecal chemotherapy.
Chemotherapy is frequently administered in cycles. A good recovery period and other procedures follow the treatment period. Patients do not need to stay in a hospital for this treatment, and most drugs are administered at the doctor’s office. However, depending on the drugs used for therapy, the patient’s overall health, and how pharmaceuticals are administered, the patient may be required to stay in the hospital for a brief period.
Targeted Therapy that is specific to the patient
In addition to regular chemotherapy, targeted therapy may be administered to the patient to target specific genes, tissues, or proteins that contribute to the tumorâ€™s growth. This therapy strategy may prevent the spread of tumor cells or the growth of tumors while causing no harm to healthy cells.
Some tumors may have several targets; hence not all tumors have the same targets. The brain tumor surgery doctor in Gurgaon may do a few tests to detect proteins, genes, and other components within tumors to locate the most effective brain tumor treatment. This will make it easier for doctors to match each patient with the most appropriate treatment.