Deep Brain stimulation is a complex, customized, and specialized procedure. Many hospitals in India have the facility to perform this procedure. The cost depends on various factors.
Deep Brain Stimulation
Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is a surgical procedure that helps relieve the symptoms related to movement disorder. Highly experienced and expert neurosurgeons perform the surgery. Hospitals with modern facilities and state-of-the-art infrastructure can perform this procedure. It is because it may have some complications that are managed immediately through advanced equipment.
Deep brain stimulation involves the insertion of electrodes in the brain with the impulse generator below the clavicle bone. The impulse generator generates electrical signals that manage the abnormal activity in the brain.
Who Requires Deep Brain Stimulation?
The neurosurgeons may advise deep brain stimulation in the following conditions:
- Epilepsy: Epilepsy is a chronic neurological condition that involves abnormal activities in some areas of the brain. The patient experienced seizures and loss of awareness and consciousness.
- Parkinsonâ€™s disease: Parkinson’s disease is a chronic, progressive and debilitating neurological condition. The patient has tremor, stiffness, and poor coordination during movement.
- Essential tremor: Patients with essential tremor experience shaking in various parts of the body. Hands are most commonly affected, and the person is not able to perform simple routine tasks.
- Dystonia:Dystonia is a disorder of muscles. In this condition, there is uncontrolled muscle contraction. It can affect a muscle or all muscles of the body.
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder:Obsessive-compulsive disorder is neurological condition. In this disease, the person has repeated thoughts or have an urge to perform a task continuously.
- Tourette syndrome: This syndrome affects the nerves and brain. The person affected by this syndrome experiences vocal and motor tics. Motor tics means repeated movements, while vocal tics include making repeated sounds.
How The Doctor Performs Deep Brain Stimulation?
Deep Brain Stimulation is a complex surgery. Your doctor performs a comprehensive health evaluation to determine your eligibility for the procedure. If you are eligible, the doctor will inform you about the risk associated with the surgery. Risks with this procedure are infection, nausea, dizziness, bleeding, clot formation, stroke, seizures, and heart problems. The side effects of stimulation due to electrodes are light-headedness, balancing disorder, speaking, and vision problems.
Deep brain stimulation has three vital parts, i.e., electrodes, impulse generator, ad extension wire. The neurosurgeon inserts the electrode in the target areas of the brain. Through the electrodes, the surgeon attaches the impulse generator with the help of an extension wire. The impulse generator generates the electrical signals that control the abnormal activity in the brain.
Before the surgery, the doctor recommends you to undergo brain imaging. It helps to determine the right areas for electrode insertion. The doctor places the complete deep brain stimulation device through two surgeries. The neurosurgeon performs the first surgery in the brain, where he inserts the electrodes. The doctor may perform the surgery under general or local anaesthesia. During the next surgery, which is in the chest, the surgeon places the neurostimulator below the clavicle. The surgeon connects the electrodes and neurostimulator with an extension wire.
What Are The Advantages Of Deep Brain Stimulation?
There are various advantages of deep brain stimulation. Some of them are:
- Effective: Deep brain stimulation is effective in managing various types of movement disorders. More than 80% of the patients experience relief from symptoms.
- Reversible: The deep brain stimulation procedure is reversible. If there is no further need for stimulation, the surgeon removes the device.
- Fewer complications: The procedure has fewer complications than other invasive therapies, such as ablative therapy, for neurological diseases.
- Adjustable: Deep brain stimulation surgery is adjustable. If the disease progresses, the doctor adjusts the impulse generator to create a more powerful impulse.
- Advanced technology: Deep brain stimulation procedure works on advanced technology and has fewer side effects.
- Approved: The procedure is approved by USFDA in various diseases such as epilepsy, Parkinsonâ€™s disease, dystonia, and obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Deep Brain Stimulation In IndiaÂ Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â
Various hospitals in India offer deep brain stimulation procedure. However, it is important to note that as it is an advanced technology, very few doctors are skilled enough to successfully perform the surgery. While searching for the best deep brain stimulation surgeon in India, you should focus on various factors such as the surgeon’s experience, training in DBS, and the hospital with which the surgeon is associated.
Cost Of Deep Brain Stimulation In IndiaÂ
Deep Brain Stimulation surgery is a highly specialized treatment. The neurosurgeons customized the procedure according to the patient’s need. The cost of DBS depends upon various factors. These are the type of disease, number of electrodes required, type of hospital, and surgeon’s experience. Several hospitals in India offer highly affordable Deep Brain Stimulation procedure.